The Stranger

Discover Albert Camus's timeless philosophical novel, "The Stranger." Explore existentialism, absurdity, and the human condition through the enigmatic protagonist, Meursault. A thought-provoking classic that challenges societal norms and delves into life's deeper questions.
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“The Stranger” is a timeless philosophical novel written by the renowned French-Algerian author, Albert Camus. First published in 1942, this thought-provoking work is considered one of the most influential pieces of literature in the 20th century. It delves into the themes of existentialism, absurdity, and the human condition, captivating readers with its enigmatic protagonist and complex philosophical ideas.

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The story revolves around Meursault, an emotionally detached and apathetic Algerian clerk living in French-colonized Algiers. The novel opens with the news of Meursault’s mother’s death. Rather than displaying conventional grief, Meursault appears indifferent to his mother’s passing, attending her funeral with an apparent lack of emotion. This lack of expected emotional response sets the tone for the rest of the novel.

As the plot unfolds, Meursault becomes entangled in a series of events that lead to a shocking act of violence. After a chance encounter with an acquaintance, Raymond, Meursault finds himself drawn into Raymond’s conflicts. This eventually culminates in Meursault killing an Arab man on a sweltering beach. The murder scene is pivotal, as Meursault’s actions and subsequent trial bring the themes of existentialism and absurdity to the forefront.

During the trial, Meursault’s detached demeanor and inability to conform to societal norms become the focus of the proceedings. His lack of remorse and unconventional behavior in the face of serious charges perplex the court, revealing the inherent tension between individuality and conformity in society.


“The Stranger” has garnered widespread acclaim for its exploration of existential themes and Camus’s remarkable prose. Critics and readers alike have praised the novel’s ability to provoke deep contemplation about life’s meaning and the individual’s place in an indifferent universe.

Reviewers have lauded Camus’s portrayal of Meursault as a symbol of the absurdity of human existence. His emotional detachment and the irrationality of the world surrounding him resonate with readers, prompting introspection into their own lives and the society they inhabit.


“In the midst of winter, I found there was, within me, an invincible summer.” – Albert Camus, The Stranger
“I laid my heart open to the benign indifference of the universe.” – Albert Camus, The Stranger
“The only way to deal with this life is to find comfort in life’s indifference.” – Albert Camus, The Stranger
“There is no greater sorrow than to recall happiness in times of misery.” – Albert Camus, The Stranger


Q : Is “The Stranger” a challenging read?
A : While the novel’s prose is accessible, the philosophical depth and existential themes might require some contemplation for full comprehension.

Q : What is the central message of the book?
A : “The Stranger” highlights the absurdity of human existence and the struggle to find meaning and purpose in an indifferent world.

Q : Does the novel provide answers to life’s existential questions?
A : Camus doesn’t offer definitive answers but encourages readers to ponder and engage with life’s complexities.

Q : Is Meursault an anti-hero or a villain?
A : Meursault’s character can be interpreted differently by readers. Some see him as an anti-hero, challenging societal norms, while others perceive him as a villain due to his actions.

Q : How does “The Stranger” relate to existentialism?
A : The novel embodies many existentialist ideas, including the individual’s freedom of choice, the search for personal meaning, and the confrontation with life’s absurdities.

“The Stranger” by Albert Camus remains an indispensable piece of literature that invites readers to confront life’s perplexities and question their own existence. Its timeless exploration of existential themes and the enigmatic portrayal of Meursault continue to captivate and inspire readers across generations, solidifying its status as a true literary classic.