Oppenheimer Biography Book

In Western Tradition, Prometheus Has Represented The Eternal Quest Of Humans For Knowledge, And The Tragedy That Often Accompanies This Quest. For A Biography Of Scientist J Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), The Title American Prometheus Is Apt. It Captures The Tragedy Of Oppenheimer’s Life As Much As The Weight Of His Achievements, And Sets Up A Book That Is Meticulously Detailed And Emotionally Engaging.
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Oppenheimer Biography Book PDF, American Prometheus: The Triumph And Tragedy Of J. Robert Oppenheimer (Vintage).

Oppenheimer Biography Book PDF

A Compelling Portrayal Of One Of History’s Most Important And Contradictory People, Oppenheimer Was The Inspiration For The Major Motion Picture.—director Christopher Nolan

The Definitive Biography Of J. Robert Oppenheimer, One Of The Iconic Figures Of The 20th Century, Is The #1 New York Times Bestseller And Pulitzer Prize Winner. A Brilliant Physicist, Oppenheimer Led The Effort To Develop The Atomic Bomb For His Nation During A Time Of War And Later Found Himself Facing The Ethical Ramifications Of Scientific Advancement.

Kai Bird And Martin Sherwin Chronicle Oppenheimer’s Life And Times In This Eminent, Renowned Biography, Which Has Taken Them 25 Years To Complete. They Cover Everything From His Early Career To His Crucial Role In The Cold War. This Is Compelling And Very Educational Biography And History At Its Best.

In The Background Of The Stormy Decades Of America’s Own Development, A Magnificent Narrative Of Oppenheimer’s Ascent And Fall Is Provided. It Is A Work Of Genius. L.a. Times Book Review

“A Book Of Extensive Knowledge And Clear Insight, Bringing Oppenheimer’s Multidimensional Portrayal Together With A Strong Understanding Of His Fundamental Essence… It Is Successful In Fully Understanding His Most Harmful, Conflicting Behaviour. New York Times

The First Comprehensive Biography Of J. Robert Oppenheimer, The “Father Of The Atomic Bomb,” And The Bright And Charismatic Scientist Who Spearheaded The Endeavour To Harness The Sun’s Ferocious Fury For His Nation During Times Of War, Is Called American Prometheus. He Rose To Prominence As The Most Well-known Scientist Of His Period As A Result Of Hiroshima. He Is Regarded As One Of The 20th Century’s Most Iconic People And Represents How Contemporary Man Must Deal With The Effects Of Scientific Advancement.

He Was The Creator Of A Novel Notion That Still Holds True Today: Putting International Regulations Over Atomic Elements. He Opposed The Creation Of The Hydrogen Bomb And Criticised The Air Force’s Strategies For Waging A Very Risky Nuclear War. As A Result, The Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Lewis Strauss, Superbomb Supporter Edward Teller, And Fbi Director J. Edgar Hoover Worked Behind The Scenes To Have A Hearing Board Find That Oppenheimer Could Not Be Trusted With America’s Nuclear Secrets During The Now-almost-forgotten Hysteria Of The Early 1950s. Oppenheimer’s Ideas Were Anathema To Powerful Advocates Of A Massive Nuclear Buildup.

Oppenheimer’s Life And Times Are Presented In American Prometheus In Illuminating And Unparalleled Depth. It Is Well Researched And Based On Close To One Hundred Interviews With Oppenheimer’s Friends, Family, And Coworkers, Thousands Of Papers And Letters Obtained From Archives Both Domestically And Overseas, And Vast Fbi Files.

We Follow Him From His Early Schooling At The Ethical Culture School In New York City At The Start Of The 20th Century Through His Personal Struggles At Harvard And Cambridge Colleges. Then He Travelled To Germany To Study Quantum Physics With Some Of The Most Accomplished Theorists In The World. After That, He Moved To Berkeley, California, Where He Founded The Preeminent American School Of Theoretical Physics In The 1930s And Got Deeply Involved With Causes For Social Justice And Their Supporters, Many Of Whom Were Communists. Then To Los Alamos, New Mexico, Where He Turned A Desolate Mesa Into The Most Powerful Nuclear Weapons Laboratory In The World—and There He Also Underwent A Transformation. And Lastly, To The Princeton Institute For Advanced Study, Which He Oversaw From 1947 To 1966.

“American Prometheus Is A Magnificent Picture Of America At Midcentury, A Fresh And Engrossing Portrayal Of A Smart, Ambitious, Complicated, And Flawed Man Deeply Related To Its Key Events—the Depression, World War Ii, And The Cold War. It Is Both A Biography And A History, And It Is Crucial To Our Comprehension Of The Recent Past As Well As Our Decision-making Going Forward.

Robert Oppenheimer Biography Bird

A Second American Revolution Was Started By Science In The First Ten Years Of The Twentieth Century. The Internal Combustion Engine, Human Flight, And A Plethora Of Other Technologies Quickly Changed A Country On Horses. The Lives Of Common Men And Women Were Swiftly Altered By These Technical Advancements. But At The Same Time, A Secret Society Of Scientists Was Bringing About An Even More Profound Transformation. Global Theoretical Physicists Were Starting To Change How We Think About Space And Time. Henri Becquerel, A French Scientist, Made The First Discovery Of Radioactivity On March 1, 1896. Additional Information On The Nature Of The Atom Was Supplied By Max Planck, Marie, And Pierre Curie, Among Others. Albert Einstein Eventually Published His Special Theory Of Relativity In 1905. The Cosmos Seemed To Have Shifted All Of A Sudden.

Soon, Scientists Would Be Hailed As A New Sort Of Hero Across The World, Promising To Bring About A Revival Of Reason, Wealth, And Social Meritocracy. Reform Movements Were Posing A Threat To The Status Quo In America. Theodore Roosevelt Made The Case For An Enlightened New Progressive Era By Leveraging The Bully Pulpit Of The White House To Join Forces With Science And Applied Technology.

On April 22, 1904, J. Robert Oppenheimer Entered This World Of Promise. His Ancestors Were First- And Second-generation German Immigrants Who Aspired To Become Americans. The Oppenheimers Of New York Were Jewish In Both Culture And Ethnicity, Yet They Didn’t Attend A Synagogue. They Made The Decision To Define Themselves Inside The Ethical Culture Society, A Distinctively American Branch Of Judaism That Praised Rationality And A Progressive Kind Of Secular Humanism, Without Denying Their Jewishness. In Spite Of The Fact That This Was An Original Solution To The Problems That Every Immigrant To America Encountered, Robert Oppenheimer’s Lifelong Uncertainty About His Jewish Identity Was Reinforced By This.

As Its Name Implies, Ethical Culture Advocated Social Justice Above Self-aggrandizement And Was Not A Religion. It Was No Coincidence That The Little Kid Who Would Grow Up To Be Regarded As The Father Of The Atomic Age Was Brought Up In A Society That Valued Critical Thinking, Empirical Investigation, And Independent Thought—in Other Words, The Virtues Of Science. However, It Was Ironic That Robert Oppenheimer’s Adventure Would Turn His Lifelong Commitment To Social Justice, Reason, And Science Into A Metaphor For A Large-scale Death Under A Mushroom Cloud.

On May 12, 1871, In The German Town Of Hanau, Which Is Located Just East Of Frankfurt, Julius Oppenheimer, Robert’s Father, Was Born. Benjamin Pinhas Oppenheimer, Julius’ Father, Was An Uneducated Farmer And Grain Merchant Who Had Been Reared In A Shack In “An Almost Mediaeval German Village,” According To Robert. Two Brothers And Three Sisters Were Born To Julius. Two Of Benjamin’s Married Relatives Moved To New York In 1870. These Two Young Men, Sigmund And Solomon Rothfeld, Teamed Up With Another Cousin, J. H. Stern, To Launch A Modest Business That Imported Men’s Suit Linings In A Short Period Of Time. Serving The Booming New Ready-made Garment Industry In The City, The Business Fared Very Well. The Rothfelds Informed Benjamin Oppenheimer That There Was Place In The Company For His Sons In The Late 1880s.

In The Spring Of 1888, Julius Came In New York, Some Years After His Elder Brother Emil. He Was Assigned To Sorting Bolts Of Clothing At The Business Warehouse. He Was A Tall, Ungainly Young Guy With Slender Legs. He Didn’t Have Any Financial Assets To Contribute To The Company, And He Didn’t Know A Word Of English, But He Was Determined To Reinvent Himself. He Had A Keen Sense Of Colour, And Over Time Established Himself As One Of The City’s Foremost “Fabrics” Experts. By The Turn Of The Century, Julius Had Become A Full Partner In The Firm Of Rothfeld, Stern & Company After Emil And He Had Survived The 1893 Recession. He Usually Wore A Black Business Suit, A White High-collared Shirt, And A Formal Tie To Seem The Part. His Clothes And Manners Were Both Impeccable. Julius Was A Really Pleasant Young Guy, By All Accounts. His Future Wife Wrote To Him In 1903, “You Have A Way With You That Just Invites Confidence To The Highest Degree, And For The Best And Finest Reasons.” Even Though He Was Entirely Self-taught, He Had Studied Extensively About American And European History By The Time He Was Thirty And Spoke A Remarkable Amount Of English. He Loved Art And Would Spend His Leisure Time On The Weekends Exploring The Many Galleries In New York.

One Such Incident May Have Been When He Met Ella Friedman, A Young Painter With “Expressive Gray-blue Eyes And Long Black Lashes,” Beautifully Chiselled Features, And A Left Hand That Was Congenitally Deformed. Ella Was Described As “An Exquisitely Beautiful” Brunette. Ella Usually Wore Long Sleeves And A Pair Of Chamois Gloves To Cover Up Her Abnormality. She Had A Crude Prosthetic Device With A Spring Connecting To An Artificial Thumb Inside The Glove Covering Her Left Hand. She Sparked Julius’s Love For Her. The Friedmans, Who Were Jewish Immigrants From Bavaria, Made Baltimore Their Home In The 1840s. In 1869, Ella Was Born. She Once Received The Following Description From A Family Friend: “A Gentle, Exquisite, Slim, Tallish, Blue-eyed Woman, Terribly Sensitive, Extremely Polite; She Was Always Thinking What Would Make People Comfortable Or Happy.” She Studied The Early Impressionist Artists For A Year In Paris While She Was In Her Twenties. She Returned And Started Teaching Painting At Barnard College. She Was An Experienced Enough Painter By The Time She Met Julius To Have Her Own Pupils And A Private Rooftop Studio In A New York Apartment Complex.