Oedipus Rex

"Discover the Timeless Tragedy - Oedipus Rex: Unravel the gripping tale of fate, prophecy, and self-discovery in Sophocles' iconic Greek tragedy. Explore the tragic journey of Oedipus, as he battles the forces of destiny, in a story that continues to captivate audiences worldwide. Delve into the depths of human nature and existential questions in this unforgettable classic."
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Oedipus Rex pdf

Discover a comprehensive Oedipus Rex review and overview, including a concise summary of this timeless Greek tragedy. Unveil the compelling narrative and get the book to delve into the profound themes of fate, destiny, and self-discovery in Sophocles’ masterpiece. Unmissable insights await in this classic literary gem.

Title: Oedipus Rex: An Eternal Tragedy Unraveling the Depths of Human Nature


Oedipus Rex, also known as Oedipus the King, is a timeless Greek tragedy written by Sophocles around 429 BCE. The play is a quintessential example of the genre, exploring the complexities of fate, hubris, and the human condition. Oedipus Rex remains a significant work in literature, captivating audiences for centuries with its powerful themes and profound insights into the human psyche.


The plot revolves around King Oedipus of Thebes, who becomes determined to find the cause of the city’s plague. He learns from the oracle that the only way to lift the curse is to find and punish the murderer of the previous king, Laius. Unaware that he is the real culprit, Oedipus starts an investigation to uncover the truth.

As the investigation unfolds, Oedipus discovers a series of shocking revelations. He finds out that he was once abandoned as an infant due to a prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Believing himself to be the adopted son of King Polybus of Corinth, Oedipus had fled his supposed parents to escape the prophecy. Tragically, fate had other plans, and he unwittingly killed his real father, Laius, at a crossroads during a chance encounter.

The twists of fate do not end there, as Oedipus unknowingly fulfills the second part of the prophecy. He becomes the ruler of Thebes and marries Queen Jocasta, his biological mother. As these horrifying truths come to light, Jocasta commits suicide, and Oedipus, unable to bear the weight of his actions, blinds himself in a fit of guilt and despair. The play concludes with Oedipus’s self-imposed exile, leaving Thebes behind forever.


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Oedipus Rex stands as an exemplary work of tragedy and continues to resonate with audiences worldwide. Sophocles masterfully weaves a gripping narrative that explores the human struggle against fate and the consequences of excessive pride. The play’s enduring appeal lies in its ability to tap into universal themes that transcend time and culture.

The character of Oedipus is a compelling study of the human condition. His determination to unravel the truth, coupled with the irony of his actions unknowingly leading him to his own downfall, creates a gripping sense of tension throughout the play. As Oedipus grapples with his own identity, he embodies the complexities of human emotions, showcasing the fine line between heroism and tragic flaw.

The theme of fate versus free will is at the core of the play. Oedipus’s tragic fate is sealed before he even becomes aware of it, emphasizing the idea that some things are beyond human control. Yet, the play also highlights how Oedipus’s own actions and choices contribute to his demise. This blend of fate and personal responsibility challenges the audience to question the nature of destiny and the limits of individual agency.

Furthermore, Oedipus Rex examines the consequences of pride, known as hubris in Greek tragedies. Oedipus’s relentless pursuit of the truth is driven by his arrogance and belief in his own infallibility. His downfall serves as a cautionary tale, reminding us of the dangers of excessive pride and the need for humility in the face of life’s uncertainties.


  1. “Oh, woe is me! All brought to pass, all true. O light, may I look on you for the last time.” – Oedipus
  2. “Fate has brought all my pride to a thought of dust.” – Oedipus
  3. “Time, which sees all things, has found you out.” – Chorus
  4. “Count no man happy until he dies, free of pain at last.” – Chorus


  1. Is Oedipus Rex based on a true story?
    Oedipus Rex is a work of fiction, and there is no historical evidence to suggest that the character of Oedipus or the events depicted in the play are based on a true story. The narrative is entirely the creation of Sophocles and draws inspiration from Greek mythology.
  2. What is the significance of the title “Oedipus Rex”?
    The title “Oedipus Rex” translates to “Oedipus the King” in Latin. It emphasizes Oedipus’s royal status as the king of Thebes, underlining the importance of his position in the tragedy.
  3. What are some major themes explored in Oedipus Rex?
    Oedipus Rex delves into themes such as fate and free will, the consequences of pride (hubris), the search for truth, the complexity of human identity, and the role of the gods in human affairs.
  4. How does Oedipus’s character evolve throughout the play?
    At the beginning of the play, Oedipus is a confident and decisive ruler, eager to solve the city’s problems. As the truth unravels, he undergoes a drastic transformation, descending into anguish, guilt, and eventually blinding himself as he accepts responsibility for his actions.


Oedipus Rex stands as a testament to the enduring power of ancient Greek drama and its ability to resonate with audiences across time. Sophocles’s exploration of fate, hubris, and the complexities of the human psyche continues to captivate readers and theatergoers alike. The play’s profound themes and memorable characters ensure that it will remain a timeless masterpiece for generations to come.

Oedipus Rex pdf